African History African Origin of Modern Humans As for Africa, scientists have formerly concluded that it is the birthplace of mankind, as large numbers of human-like fossils discovered no where else were found on the continent, some dating back 3. They became aggressive hunters, lived in caves and used fire and their ability to create stone tools just to survive. The Neanderthals arose some , years ago and inhabited regions in northern Africa and across parts of southern Europe. There is also clear evidence that they had control of fire, lived in caves, as well as open-air structures of stone and vegetation. One of the most important developments of primitive man was the creation of stone tools. By BC farming was somewhat common in the northern areas of Africa, as people were growing crops and herding livestock. During that time the Sahara Desert was a fertile area. Ancient African History In BC the Egyptian culture emerged along the lower reaches of the Nile River; it was among the earliest civilizations and their tools and weapons were made of bronze. They also pioneered the building of massive pyramids and temples.
Chronology and dating methods
Imagine a year in Africa that summer never arrives. The sky takes on a gray hue during the day and glows red at night. Flowers do not bloom. Trees die in the winter.
Definition. Africa, the second largest continent in the world, is rich in geographic and cultural diversity. It is a land populated by peoples with histories dating to ancient times and cultures shaped by innumerable tribes, languages, and traditions.
Great achievements in science and technology in ancient Africa By Sydella Blatch Despite suffering through the horrific system of slavery, sharecropping and the Jim Crow era, early African-Americans made countless contributions to science and technology 1. This lineage and culture of achievement, though, emerged at least 40, years ago in Africa. Unfortunately, few of us are aware of these accomplishments, as the history of Africa, beyond ancient Egypt, is seldom publicized.
Sadly, the vast majority of discussions on the origins of science include only the Greeks, Romans and other whites. But in fact most of their discoveries came thousands of years after African developments. While the remarkable black civilization in Egypt remains alluring, there was sophistication and impressive inventions throughout ancient sub-Saharan Africa as well. There are just a handful of scholars in this area.
Here, I attempt to send an electrical impulse to this long-deadened nerve. I can only fly by this vast plane of achievements. Despite this, it still should be evident that the ancient people of Africa, like so many other ancients of the world, definitely had their genius.
Introduction to Africa – The Peoples and Their Classification
In studies of plants, most paleontological calibrations are associated with macrofossils. However, the pollen record can also inform age calibrations if fossils matching extant pollen groups are found. Recent work has shown that pollen of the myrtle family, Myrtaceae, can be classified into a number of morphological groups that are synapomorphic with molecular groups.
Absolute dating: dating method using decay of isotopes with known rates of change can give us temporal ages (years, decades, etc) Carbon – 40 kya East Africa (several sites) Brain size: cc (larger than chimpanzee) Notable specimens/fossils Lucy Laetoli footprints.
Translate with Google Photo: Dating apps have truly revolutionised how we date, hook-up and even find love. While these apps have become so widely used, they are also being misused and weaponised against communities in high-risk contexts. While the contexts in these countries differ enormously, we have found that LGBTQ communities in all three rely on apps to communicate, meet- or hook-up and fall in love.
We began by alerting apps to how their products are used by authorities to surveil and harm their users; and advising and working together on ideas of how they should change their products to better protect against this. Our partnership with Grindr for Equality and other LGBTQ dating apps demonstrates how human rights groups, activists and profit businesses need to work together to reduce the impact of repressive crackdowns on LGBTQ communities and mitigate human rights abuses.
Context — apps and traps Since , dating has been revolutionised by geolocation-based apps. History shows widespread repression and marginalisation of LGBTQ people globally, with limited opportunities for safely connecting, organising, and meeting-up in public spaces. And now is not so different.
The Principate (27 BC 235 AD)
Introduction The methods used by archaeologists to gather data can be applied to any time period, including the very recent past. One archaeologist in the U. Over the past years archaeologists have developed many effective methods and techniques for studying the past. Archaeologists also rely upon methods from other fields such as history, botany, geology, and soil science.
Homo habilis, (Latin: “able man” or “handy man”) extinct species of human, the most ancient representative of the human genus, Homo. Homo habilis inhabited parts of sub-Saharan Africa from roughly to million years ago (mya).
They conducted business for their respective colonial governments and forth across the Atlantic ocean. These agents were settled and paid a fixed salary by the colonial government, and give the long delays in communication, they played a great role in negotiation, with royal official and explaining; colonial needs and resources. European power refer to the one of the nations having great political social and economic influence in international affairs.
A nation that has exceptional and economic strength and consequently plays a major often evasive role in internation affairs. The great power characterically posses military and economic, strength as well as diplomatic and soft power influence. Colonization it occurs whenever any one or species populate on area. Example of colonization include the migration of Austonesian people across the islands and land in the pacific ocean, another is the Bantu expansion.
The periodic of colonization in ancient times was from the Romans, The Roman empire conquered a large part of western Europe, North Africa and west Asia.
There is a flourishing of Oldowan tools in eastern Africa, spreading to southern Africa, between 2. Both technologies are occasionally found in the same areas, dating to the same time periods. This realisation required a rethinking of old cultural sequences in which the more “advanced” Acheulean was supposed to have succeeded the Oldowan.
are less accurate but are useful for es- tablishing correlation between sites of in East Africa and the Italian Peninsula. These methods, therefore, methods of U-S dating, the Th/U method is most widely applicable be- cause it requires relatively low ura- nium concentrations (generally.
Criteria used to determine the most useful language to learn for you: I identified two main criteria that we can use to determine the most useful languages: Paul Lewis , the top 10 most spoken native languages in the world consist of Chinese or the ensemble of its 12 variants including Mandarin , Spanish, English, Arabic, Hindi, Bengali, Portugese, Russian, Japanese and German. See the complete table For the second criteria, I base my conclusions on official statistics from the U.
For those in the U. Breakdown of the most useful languages to learn for professional reasons: For those who want to do business, Spanish skills can be an asset for communicating in Spain and throughout Latin America. The considerable size of the Spanish-speaking population of the United States makes it even more attractive on a resume.
Archaeologists Find Earliest Evidence of Humans Cooking With Fire
Ancient Greeks and Romans were also familiar with cannabis, while in the Middle East, use spread throughout the Islamic empire to North Africa. In cannabis spread to the western hemisphere where Spaniards imported it to Chile for its use as fiber. In North America cannabis, in the form of hemp, was grown on many plantations for use in rope, clothing and paper. The Use of Cannabis Cannabis sativa grows wild throughout many tropical and humid parts of the world.
Learning Japanese can be one of the most useful languages to know for those who work in the automotive, communications, and financial sectors. Japan is the 3rd biggest producer of automobiles and makes up one of the biggest producers of mobile technology.
Reinforcement Learning — No interviewee reported using any reinforcement learning methods. However, interest was expressed in it, particularly regard ing machine teaching and using RL in simulations, e. Machine Teaching — There is a shortage of good educational resources and teachers in East Africa. Several initiatives exist that use mobile phones as an education platform.
Practitioners were interested in using ideas from machine teaching in their work to personalize content delivered. However, the author did not encounter anyone who had employed any results from the machine teaching literature at this point. Uncertainty Quantification — An important factor that keeps the wealth of rich regions from moving into poorer regions like East Africa, despite the fact that it should earn greater returns there, is risk .
Not all risk can be machine—learned away by any means. But accurate predictive models are risk-reduction tools. Machine learning models are most useful for risk—reduction when they can accurately quantify their uncertainty.
Understanding Past Climate and Ecosystems
View as list View as slider Reduce Image 1 of Enlarge Reduce Image 2 of The lightest uses of capital punishment were the United Arab Emirates, which only put one person to death in , and the Palestinian Territories, which was confirmed to have killed two.
Most of the chronometric dating methods in use today are radiometric. The most commonly used radiometric dating method is radiocarbon dating. It is also called carbon and C dating. This especially those working in East Africa.
The national flag, adopted in , consists of a blue-black triangle placed vertical to the hoist and bordered in gold-yellow. Bands of red, white, green, white, and blue appear horizontally. Two anthems are currently in use: The South African rand r is a paper currency of cents. It is used throughout the South African monetary area. There are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents and 1 rand, and notes of 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 rand. The metric system is in use.
Astronomy: The Science of the Stars
Adaptive advantages of bipedalism include the following except? Adaptive advantages of bipedalism include the following except A. Anatomical changes in hominins indicative of habitual bipedal locomotion include A. What have researchers concluded from the fossil remains of hominin feet from South Africa?
Lots of photos of Chinese men marrying African women, invite everyone to discuss! Chinese women marrying blacks is no longer something rare, whereas in comparison men very rarely dare to bring black girls back home to China. In my neighborhood is a Chinese engineer who returned from Angola, and his wife is a black girl. They have two children, about five or six years old, twin boys. Aside from their skin being slightly darker, their faces look very much like their daddy. African women are very pretty!
The Chinese man in the middle is one of my old friends, who found two women in Africa. This is a great love story! Everyone probably has heard of this love story before! May the Xie Zhigang couple have a long happy marriage! A Shandong migrant worker who married a wife in Africa and gave birth to a daughter. His African wife passing away from illness when the daughter was two-years-old and he raises his daughter alone planting vegetables in the suburbs of Nairobi being bother father and mother to her.